Endosteal Implant: Definition, Benefits And Risks

If you have lost one or more teeth due to some reason and it’s destroying your smile and making you look weird, then you may have thought about getting an endosteal implant to improve your smile and oral health.

In this article, we will describe what are endosteal implants, how they work, their advantages and disadvantages, and who are suitable candidates.

Endosteal implants, which are placed directly into the bone, are one of the most common types of dental implants.

Now you may be thinking of what are dental implants, let’s talk about this first and have some basic understanding of dental implants before we deep dive into endosteal implants.

What is Dental Implants?

Dental implant

Dental implants are artificial devices designed to replace your missing teeth. These are artificial tooth roots that are surgically placed into the jaw to support a crown, bridge, or denture.

Implants (the thing that is placed into the jaw) are usually made of biocompatible materials, such as titanium.

According to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS), the success rate for dental implant procedures is 95% or higher. This high success rate is due to advances in transplant technology, surgical techniques, and patient care.

Now, that you have a basic understanding of dental implants. Let’s get back to the topic.

It is also known as an endosseous implant.

Endosteal implants are the most common type of dental implant, used to replace missing teeth. They are small, screw-shaped posts made of biocompatible materials like titanium, that are surgically placed into the jawbone to act as artificial tooth roots.

Over time, the jawbone heals around the implant, anchoring it firmly in place. Once the implant is secure, a crown, bridge, or denture can be attached to the top, restoring the function and appearance of the missing tooth.

According to a study published in the Journal of Oral Implantology, endosteal implants have a survival rate of 94.6% after 10 years and 86.7% after 20 years.

Also Read: Green Teeth: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options.

They offer a wide range of benefits for people with missing teeth, making them a popular choice for dental restoration. Here are some of the key advantages:

1. Long-lasting and durable.

With proper care, these implants can last a lifetime, significantly longer than other options like bridges or dentures. They are made from biocompatible materials like titanium that fuse with the jawbone, providing a strong and stable foundation for your replacement teeth.

2. Natural look and feel.

They look and function like natural teeth. They are individually placed and customized to match the size, shape, and color of your surrounding teeth, resulting in a natural-looking smile. You’ll regain confidence in your appearance and feel comfortable speaking, laughing, and eating without worry.

3. Improved oral health.

Unlike traditional dentures or bridges, which require modification or support from neighboring teeth, endosteal implants stand on their own. This preserves the health of your remaining natural teeth and prevents further bone loss in the jaw.

4. Enhanced chewing ability.

They provide a secure and stable foundation for your replacement teeth, allowing you to chew food effectively. This improves your dietary options and overall quality of life.

5. Reduce discomfort.

These implants are more comfortable than traditional dentures, which can cause irritation and pain. They eliminate the need for adhesives or adjustments, providing a more natural and comfortable experience.

6. Helps in speech improvement.

Missing teeth can affect your speech, making it difficult to pronounce certain words. Endosteal implants restore your natural bite and help improve your speech clarity.

7. Boosted self-confidence.

A beautiful and functional smile can have a significant impact on your self-confidence and overall well-being. They can help you regain your smile and confidence, allowing you to live life to the fullest.

endosteal implant

It is a surgical technique used to replace missing teeth with artificial roots that resemble natural tooth roots.

Here’s a general overview of the procedure:

1. Consultation with your dentist or oral surgeon.

This involves discussing your medical history, oral health, and desired outcome.

2. X-rays and CT scans.

These imaging tests help determine the jawbone density and identify any potential anatomical concerns.

3. Treatment plan.

Your dentist or oral surgeon will develop a personalized treatment plan based on your individual needs.

1. Anesthesia.

Local anesthesia is typically used to numb the surgical area, although general anesthesia may be used in some cases.

2. Incision and gum flap.

A small incision is made in the gum tissue to expose the jawbone.

3. Bone preparation.

A small hole is drilled into the jawbone to accommodate the implant. In some cases, bone grafting may be necessary to increase bone density.

4. Implant placement.

The implant, a small screw-like titanium post, is inserted into the prepared bone.

5. Stitches.

The gum tissue is sutured closed over the implant.

1. Healing period.

The implant needs to fuse with the jawbone, which typically takes 3-6 months.

2. Abutment placement.

After healing, a small connector piece called an abutment is attached to the implant.

3. Crown or restoration placement.

Finally, a permanent crown, bridge, or denture is attached to the abutment, restoring the missing tooth function and appearance.

Related: Palate Expander: Types, Uses, Benefits & Risks

Besides the benefits, it also has some side effects. You should be aware of the risks before you decide to get them. Some of the side effects are:

  • Unlike dentures or bridges, which are non-surgical procedures, it requires surgery to place the implant into the jawbone.
  • Smoking can significantly increase the risk of implant failure due to its negative impact on blood circulation and healing.
  • Regular dental checkups and good oral hygiene practices are essential to prevent inflammation around the implant that can lead to bone loss and implant failure.
  • They need adequate bone density and quality, as they need enough bone tissue to hold on securely.
  • There are potential risks associated with the procedures, such as infection, bleeding, nerve damage, and implant failure. However, these risks are relatively low when performed by a qualified and experienced dentist or oral surgeon.
  • They take time to heal and integrate with the bone, which may take several months.
  • The treatment is often the most expensive option compared to other tooth replacement methods like dentures or bridges. The average cost of a single endosteal implant in the US ranges from $1,500 to $6,000.

The cost of endosteal implant treatment can vary depending on several factors, including:

  1. Location: Costs can differ significantly between geographic regions.
  2. Dentist or oral surgeon’s fees: Experience and expertise can play a role in pricing.
  3. Number of implants needed: Replacing multiple teeth naturally increases the overall cost.
  4. Type of implant used: Premium materials or specific brands may carry higher costs.
  5. Bone grafting needs: If additional bone is needed for implant stability, it adds to the procedure’s cost.
  6. Type of restoration: Crowns, bridges, or dentures attached to the implants can vary in price.

Here’s a general range to give you an idea:

  1. Single implant with crown: $1,500 – $5,000
  2. Multiple implants with bridge: $5,000 – $15,000
  3. Full-mouth implants with dentures: $20,000 – $40,000

Remember, the actual cost for you will depend on your specific circumstances.

Choosing the right tooth replacement option depends on several factors, and while endosteal implants are often the gold standard, there are certainly alternatives to consider:

1. Subperiosteal implants.

These are placed on top of the jawbone, making them a good option for people with bone loss. However, they are not as strong or durable as endosteal implants.

2. Zygomatic implants.

These are anchored in the cheekbone, bypassing the jawbone altogether. They are a good option for people with severe bone loss in the upper jaw.

1. Dental bridges.

These are supported by neighboring teeth and can be a good option for replacing one or a few missing teeth. However, they can put stress on the neighboring teeth and may require them to be crowned.

2. Partial dentures.

These are removable appliances that can replace several missing teeth. They are less expensive than implants but can be less comfortable and stable.

1. Mini implants.

These are smaller than traditional implants and can sometimes be placed without requiring bone grafting. They are a good option for replacing front teeth or for supporting temporary dentures.

2. Immediate-load implants.

These are placed and loaded with a crown on the same day. However, they require good bone density and are not suitable for everyone.

Ultimately, the best alternative to endosteal implants for you will depend on your individual needs and preferences. It’s important to consult with a qualified dentist to discuss your options and determine the best course of treatment.

The Bottom line

Endosteal implants represent a significant advancement in modern dentistry, providing a reliable and aesthetically pleasing solution for people with missing teeth. They provide stability, durability, and a natural look and feel that can significantly enhance your quality of life.

However, the suitability of endosteal implants for you depends on a variety of factors, including your oral health, bone density, and overall health. If you are considering dental implants, consult a qualified dental professional who can assess your specific situation and recommend the best option for your needs.

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